ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

Thứ Năm, 17 tháng 5, 2018

Equity of PPP investors must make up 20% of total investment

Investors involved in projects under the public-private partnership (PPP) must have equity accounting for at least 20% of total investment capital, according to a recently released decree of the Government.

Decree 63/2018 issued early this month to replace Decree 15/2015 will come into force on June 19, 2018, with some radical revisions, one of which is an equity requirement of 20% instead of 15%. However, this rule only applies to projects worth less than VND1.5 trillion or roughly US$65 million.

With projects whose total investments are over VND1.5 trillion, the ratio of equity cannot be lower than 20% of the VND1.5-trillion amount and is not smaller than 10% of the remaining amount. 

The involvement of the State in PPP projects includes capital contributed by the State, payments for investors, land, office space, infrastructure handed over to investors, business rights transferred to investors in case of build-transfer (BT) contracts, capital to assist construction of supporting works, compensation, site clearance and resettlement.



Meanwhile, Decree 15/2015 limits State investments in PPP projects to State capital, government bonds, municipal bonds, official development assistance (ODA) capital, and concessional loans from international donors.

According to the Ministry of Planning and Investment, the old decree restricts the participation of other legal public capital sources, which hence does not make it attractive to investors.

Regarding project transfers, the new decree provides tighter conditions than the old one. In particular, Decree 15/2015 allows an investor to transfer partial or entire rights and obligations in a certain project to the lender or another investor, even when the project is being implemented or is already finished.

Meanwhile, under Decree 63/2018, the investor can transfer partial or entire rights and duties in the project to the lender or another investor after construction work is done or when the project is in operation.

Regarding investment incentives, investors are given preferential corporate income tax, and get land use fees exempted or reduced while implementing the project.

In addition, legal assets of investors are not nationalized or seized with administrative measures.

In case of asset seizure for security purposes, investors will get compensation.



Source: The Saigon Times

Thứ Tư, 16 tháng 5, 2018

Scope of works of Mergers and Acquisition Lawyers

Due to the globalization of markets, intensification of competition in the business world, beginning of mass privatization, intensive development of private and mixed forms of companies, Mergers and acquisitions have become quite common. These days, companies agree to Mergers and acquisitions to make changes in their business operations, both quantitatively and qualitatively within a short period of time. But, the bitter truth is that most of the M & A transaction fail to get the predictable success and all those companies that go under transaction suffer a great loss in the long run.

If you handle a company or a business organization and mulling to strike an M & A transaction, it will be advantageous for you to seek the legal consultation from mergers and acquisition lawyers. They can help you in many ways. Some key points are detailed here below. Just wade through it carefully. You will be able to know how helpful they are in M & A transactions:

1. To Prepare Grounds For Mergers And Acquisitions

In simple words, Merger is a process in which the assets and operations of the two different companies are joined and controlled by the management of a new company which comprises shareholders, employees, investors, CEOs, Managers, etc, of the original companies. On the other hand, an acquisition is a process in which one company obtains control over another by acquiring a controlling stake with the right to vote.


Mergers and acquisitions of companies or business firms are regulated by different laws. Most of the companies are unfamiliar with the rapidly changing laws in this regard and they end of making mistakes unknowingly which may invite problems from the law enforcement agencies and the government in the long run.

Therefore, they must hire M&A law firms to conduct Mergers and acquisitions as per the existing law and avoid legal problems easily and quickly. Law firms have expert lawyers that can help you to prepare the terms and conditions for M & A transactions keeping its legal provisions in mind.

2. Company Valuation For Mergers And Acquisitions

As companies go under M & A transactions for development, improving competitiveness, increasing profitability, it is very important for them to evaluate the revenues and profits of the targeted companies, their production capacities, existing property rights to real estate objects, trademarks, intellectual property, licenses, client base, etc. It helps them to adequately determine the actual value of the company and suggest a legitimate price for M & A transactions. Financial and legal consultants, auditors, and independent appraisers can help you a lot in this regard and determine the actual worth of it by evaluating its sales, income tax returns, the value of properties, etc.

3. Protection From Legal Action Taken By Employees

Whenever Mergers and acquisitions take place, a newly created company fires several employees from the job to cut the operational cost, save the resources and use them for the advancement of the company. Always keep in mind that unlawful termination of employees can trigger several litigations against your company and dilute the future business opportunities up to a great extent. It will be good for you to find legal assistance from Mergers and Acquisition Lawyers. This will help you find the best talent for your company and discard the inferior ones without facing any legal trouble.

4. Mediation With Rival Parties

When companies go for Mergers and acquisitions, the business interests of various parties are affected, such as shareholders, investors, partners, CEOs, etc. It will be very difficult for a company to get involved in legal battles against all these parties and register victory without the appropriate preparation of cases. That is why, lawyers generally arrange the face-to-face meeting of these rival parties, discuss the point of discords and try to reach out a respectable solution through dialogue, mediation, and consultation. It is beneficial for all parties as they are able to solve their business disputes without getting involved in prolonged legal battles and wasting their resources.

5. Determination Of Tax Liabilities

When the size and business of your company grow after signing an M & A transaction, tax liabilities are also increased. But, every businessman wants to pay the minimum tax so that he can make progress in the business and expand it fuhrer. A lawyer can help you to easily determine your actual tax liabilities as per the law and save some of your resources.



Collect: Quora

Chủ Nhật, 13 tháng 5, 2018

How Confidentiality Agreements Important In Mergers & Acquisitions Transactions

These days, Mergers and acquisitions are highly popular in the business world. Previously, M&A transactions were mainly an instrument for a company expansion and one of the most desired kinds of investments in developed countries, but M&A transactions are being held continuously all across the world. The purpose of a merger or acquisition transaction can be both a strategic expansion of business (market share, technology, geography, etc,), and a financial purchase for resale or public offering of shares. In some cases, & A transactions can be aimed at eliminating a competitor and blocking its development.

In Mergers and acquisitions, Confidentiality Agreements plays an important role. It helps business organizations to maintain the privacy of their assets, trade secrets, future business expansion plan, etc. Have a look at some main advantages of the Confidentiality agreement in M&A transactions.


1. Involved Parties

Only the purchaser and the vendor parties that agree to the confidentiality agreement. If a company with only a few or no assets is getting the confidential information, the vendor may need a guarantor to the agreement. The guarantor has to ensure the parties that he/she will strictly follow his obligations under the confidentiality agreement. To take care of all these, you should hire Mergers and Acquisition Lawyers. They can supervise the activities of all the participants and make sure they are following the agreement without any fail.

2. Revealing The Secret Information

Generally, the confidentiality agreement notifies the ‘purpose’ of the agreement which includes the assessment by the purchaser and allowed individuals to review M&A transactions as per the deal. M&A Law Firms can play an important role here. They can supervise whether the authorized person is working properly or not. So, you must avail their legal consultation services and ensure the confidentiality of M&A transactions.

3. Things To Be Disclosed

All those parties that are involved in the confidentiality agreement are not allowed to reveal the sensitive information related to the companies. It has some exception too, such as

The allowed persons that are appointed to observe the confidentiality agreement. Professional advisors, employees, and party directors can be appointed as permitted persons. Those parties are required to know the confidential information to complete the M&A transactions. In some situations, where there are potential providers of finance, co-investors, and syndicates, parties may assume them as “allowed persons” and can communicate with them.

While exchanging highly sensitive information, the disclosing persons may need parties to make separate confidentiality agreements and exchange them with each other to maintain the privacy of their information at all costs.

4. Announcement For Public

Generally, parties involved in M&A transactions are supposed not to make the public announcement about their deals because it can create an environment of negativity for customers, suppliers, and employees. So, you should do the same. If there is any need to make the public announcement for the enlightenment of the stakeholders, you can do that in consultation with other involved parties.

5. Breach Of Agreement

If any party breaches the agreement, other involved individuals can solve the matter through dialogue or take the legal route to protect the deal. M&A Law Firms can help you a lot in this regard. Just explain each and everything very well and get the things done.

6. Exemption

The confidentiality agreement in M&A transaction is not applied on the following:

Information which is already available in the public domain,

Information which is already occupied by some legally before the deal,

Information which is disclosed to 3 parties that are not supposed to keep the privacy of the deal and

Information which the other party made public with the prior approval of the disclosing party.

7. Termination Of The Deal

All involved parties generally agree to maintain the privacy of their information for 1-2 years once the deal is reached. In some cases, if you need, you can come out of the deal if it is no longer beneficial for you and your business. For this, you need to inform other parties as agreed in the deal.

Final Words:

In M&A transactions, there is a huge importance of keeping the important information private and confidential to make progress sooner or later. The above-mentioned points show the importance of Confidentiality Agreements in M&A transactions.



Source: Quora

Thứ Tư, 9 tháng 5, 2018

What is the process of setting up a business by a foreigner in Vietnam?

Vietnam government passed the new law on Investment No. 67/2014/QH13 (New LOI) in 2014, and the new law on Enterprises No. 68/2014/QH13 (New LOE), which replace the previous laws as from July 1, 2015. Certain notable provisions of the new laws are asbelow.

● Requirements Capital: There is no requirements on foreign investment amount and registered capital in Vietnam. But registered capital can not less than 30% of total investment amount. The registered capital of encouraged/ large investment project can be reduced to 20%.

● Structure Foreign investors (company/ individual) can adopt one among following three structures when setting up company/ factory in Vietnam:

1. Direct investment by foreign company / individual; 

2. Indirect Investment through one holding company (single holding ); 

3. Indirect investment through two holding companies (double holding ).


The 2nd and/or 3rd structure is widely used. There are some advantages through holding company: 

1. Unlimited deferred offshore profits which can be used for re-investment; 

2. Limited liability on overseas lawsuits (civil and criminal ), and financial liabilities against parent company. 

The disadvantages of the single holding structure will occur when selling foreign assets, the parent company will be taxed for the profits. The parent company/individual will be exposed to unpredictable foreign risks and faces double-taxation problems. Therefore, the third structure - double holding is recommended.

● Procedures:

1. Setting up offshore holding company; 

2. Collecting holding company documents; 

3. Documents translation/ embassy notarization; 

4. Checking proposed Vietnam company name; 

5. Prepare the M&A and application form; 

6. Evaluation of investment project by related authorities; 

7. Issuance of the enterprise registration certificate

8. Publish in newspaper gazette; 

9. Seal registration, open bank account; 

10. Tax, customs, and environmental protection registration.



Source: Quora

Thứ Hai, 7 tháng 5, 2018

Is Vietnam's government stable enough to smoothly set-up a foreign start-up business?

Vietnam became the 150th member of the World Trade Organisation (WHO) in 2007. This opened the entranceway for foreigners to get and operate businesses in Vietnam. Individuals and organisations are permitted to choose their area of investment, the structure of their business and the technique where capital is raised, so long as their choices are in compliance with Vietnamese law, international treaties and commitments.

Before starting a business in Vietnam, there are a few things you should keep in mind:

Setting-up a foreign-owned business in Vietnam can be done and even encouraged by the Vietnamese government, although the laws are complex and the procedure could be complicated. Modern business law is in its infancy in Vietnam. Regulations could be incomplete, ambiguous and at the mercy of conflicting interpretations by different government agencies. Getting the help of a skilled and well-connected Vietnamese lawyer is strongly suggested.

Foreigners are permitted to possess and operate their own businesses in Vietnam, either through indirect or direct foreign investment. Indirect investment could be created by individuals or organisations that may buy shares in Vietnamese firms or invest through stocks, investment funds or use other intermediate financial instruments. Businesses that are wholly foreign-owned or are taking part in joint ventures with a Vietnamese business are believed to be foreign direct investments (or FDI).


Exercising rights of importation and distribution:

According to regulated at Provision 1, Article 4, Decree 23/2007/ND-CP dated February 12 2007 of the federal government providing detailed guidance of Law of Commerce’s regulations on goods trading and directly related activities of FIEs in Vietnam (So called known as “Decree 23/2007/ND-CP”), an FIE is permitted exercise its rights to import and distribute goods in Vietnam if it meets the next requirements:

- The Investor is from a country or territory which really is a member of international treaties to which Vietnam is engaged and focused on open markets for goods trading activities and related;

Type of investment should be in keeping with the roadmap of commitments under international treaties to which Vietnam is an associate and relative to regulations of Vietnam;

- Goods and services should be relative to market opening commitments of Vietnam and with of regulations of Vietnam;

- Scope of operation should be relative to the marketplace access commitments of Vietnam and with regulations of Vietnam;

- The business gets the approval of the competent authorities in Vietnam.

According to Vietnam's commitments to the WTO, since 2009, foreign investors have entitlement to import and distribute goods by means of a company with 100% foreign capital.

To guarantee the eligibility for licensing, as well as the above conditions, you additionally have to guarantee the following requirements:

- You must be considered a manufacturer of electric and electronic products likely to be distributed in Vietnam or be considered a trusted trader of electric and electronic products in the your country;

- The results of business operation in the your country should be positive, shown in the audited financial statements of the last 2 yrs;

- Registered office of the business or wholesale, shops must be in keeping with the look of Vietnam. Normally, investors will need to have accommodations office within a workplace for the Company’s hq and/ or a location for wholesale and retail at a planned-in-advance trade center;

- Investment capital should be sufficient to guarantee the feasibility to implement business projects in Vietnam.

Vietnam is among the better places in Asia for for foreign investors - given its recent rises in number of national economic centers, industrial parks, rental factory, and warehouses. Even though Vietnamese government is encouraging foreign investors (as a way to bring in foreign currency), they are not paying enough attention to improve the legal procedure and legal structure in regards to foreign investment.

Source: quora

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Thứ Năm, 3 tháng 5, 2018

New foreign investment approvals in Jan-Apr drop sharply

A view of downtown HCMC. The real estate sector recorded the second largest foreign investment in January-April.

HCMC – Total foreign investments pledged in the year’s first four months fell by a sharp 23.9% to US$8.06 billion, according to the Foreign Investment Agency.

Of the fresh foreign investment approvals in the period, pledges by existing and new projects declined significantly.

In particular, 883 new projects that had been approved in the year to April 20 had total registered capital of US$3.55 billion, a fall of nearly 24% against last year’s same period. Besides, 303 operational projects registered to adjust their investment capital up by US$2.24 billion, a year-on-year drop of 48.5%.

Regarding foreign indirect investment, the four-month period recorded 1,863 cases of foreign investors contributing funds or acquiring local shares with a combined value of US$2.26 billion, up 67% against the same period a year earlier. Of these, there were 1,087 cases of foreign investors increasing their paid-in capital of enterprises (US$1.56 billion) and 776 cases of stake acquisitions (US$703.5 million) which did not change chartered capital of enterprises.


It can be seen that investment capital of foreign investors tends to rise in M&A deals rather than direct investments.

Foreign direct investment (FDI) projects disbursed US$5.1 billion in January-April, rising by 6.3% year-on-year.

Regarding outbound shipments in the period, the FDI sector exported US$53.48 billion worth of products, including crude oil, up 18.9% year-on-year and equivalent to 72.5% of the country’s export turnover. Without crude oil, exports of the sector were US$52.81 billion.

Meanwhile, the FDI sector’s imports were US$42.31 billion, picking up 9.3% and accounting for 60.1% of total imports. This resulted in a trade surplus of US$11.17 billion with crude oil included and US$10.5 billion with crude oil excluded.

Of the 17 sectors foreign investors invested in, the processing-manufacturing sector attracted the highest amount of capital with US$4.52 billion (56.1% of total registered capital). It was followed by real estate with US$807.5 million (10%) and wholesale-retail with US$779 million (9.7%).

South Korea made up the biggest foreign investment amount among 82 countries and territories investing in Vietnam with US$2.32 billion (28.7%). Japan came second when investing some US$1.29 billion (16%) and Singapore third with US$808 million (10%).



Source: The Saigon Times

Thứ Ba, 1 tháng 5, 2018

Policies on labour and trade coming into force from the middle of April, 2018

03 policies on labour and trade coming into force from the middle of April, 2018 (April 11 – 20, 2018).

1. Employment litigation involving sending of workers abroad

This is the most noticeable content of the Decree No. 24/2018/ND-CP on settlement of complaints and denunciations in the fields of labour, vocational education, sending of Vietnamese employees to work abroad under labour contracts, employment, occupational safety and hygiene.

According to the Decree, procedures for lodging complaints about sending of Vietnamese employees to work abroad under labour contracts are as follows:

- File the first-tier complaint to the complaint handling officer or make the complaint to the court;

- File the second-tier complaint or make the complaint to the court if the complainant is not satisfied with the outcome of handling the first-tier complaint;

- Make the complaint to the court if the complainant is not satisfied with the outcome of handling the second-tier complaint or the complaint is not handled within the required time limit; 

If the respondent is not satisfied with the outcome of handling the second-tier complaint, he/she has the right to initiate the administrative lawsuit to the court.

Further details are available in the Decree No. 24/2018/ND-CP coming into force from April 15, 2018.

2. Taxation policies on transfer of motor vehicles of entities enjoying privileges in Vietnam

Decision No. 10/2018/QD-TTg dated March 01, 2018 provides amendments to the Decision No. 53/2013/QD-TTg on temporary import, re-export, destruction, and transfer of motor vehicles and two-wheeled mopeds of entities enjoying diplomatic immunity and privileges in Vietnam.

According to the Decision, taxation policies on transfer of motor vehicles of these entities are as follows:

- Regulations on import duties applied to second-hand motor vehicles prescribed in Decree No. 122/2016/ND-CP and Decree No. 125/2017/ND-CP shall apply;

- The date of transfer associated with these entities is the date on which the use purpose of the vehicle is changed according to the transaction papers made between the buyer and the vehicle owner;

The date of transfer associated with diplomatic officials, administrative and technical coordinators of diplomatic missions must also correspond to the expiration of term of office of vehicle owner in Vietnam.

- These entities shall declare and pay taxes and fees as prescribed.

The Decision No. 10/2018/QD-TTg is coming into force as from April 20, 2018.

3. Promulgation of 24 forms used in commercial mediation

On February 26, 2018, the Ministry of Justice promulgated the Circular No. 02/2018/TT-BTP providing guidance on forms used in commercial mediation.

24 forms used in commercial mediation are issued together with the Circular, including:

- The application form for accreditation as ad hoc commercial mediator;

- The application form for establishment of a commercial mediation center;

- The application form for addition of commercial mediation activities of an arbitration center;

- The record of commercial mediation activities;

- Mediators record;

- The records of mediation remunerations.

This Circular also provides for reporting on commercial mediation as follows:

- Each of commercial mediation institutions and Vietnam-based branches or representative offices of foreign commercial mediation institutions shall submit annual reports on its organization and commercial mediation activities to the Department of Justice of province where the its head office is located.

- An annual report presents the period from January 01 to December 31 and includes:

+ Actual data obtained from January 01 to October 31 inclusively; and

+ Estimated date obtained from November 01 to December 31 inclusively.

- Annual reports must be submitted by November 15.

The Circular No.02/2018/TT-BTP is coming into force from April 20, 2018.



Source: thuvienphapluat